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colormap.c

/* $XdotOrg: xserver/xorg/dix/colormap.c,v 1.11 2005/09/05 07:40:50 daniels Exp $ */
/* $XFree86: xc/programs/Xserver/dix/colormap.c,v 3.11 2003/11/03 05:10:59 tsi Exp $ */
/***********************************************************

Copyright 1987, 1998  The Open Group

Permission to use, copy, modify, distribute, and sell this software and its
documentation for any purpose is hereby granted without fee, provided that
the above copyright notice appear in all copies and that both that
copyright notice and this permission notice appear in supporting
documentation.

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
OPEN GROUP BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN
CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

Except as contained in this notice, the name of The Open Group shall not be
used in advertising or otherwise to promote the sale, use or other dealings
in this Software without prior written authorization from The Open Group.


Copyright 1987 by Digital Equipment Corporation, Maynard, Massachusetts.

                        All Rights Reserved

Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and its 
documentation for any purpose and without fee is hereby granted, 
provided that the above copyright notice appear in all copies and that
both that copyright notice and this permission notice appear in 
supporting documentation, and that the name of Digital not be
used in advertising or publicity pertaining to distribution of the
software without specific, written prior permission.  

DIGITAL DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE, INCLUDING
ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS, IN NO EVENT SHALL
DIGITAL BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR
ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS,
WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION,
ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS
SOFTWARE.

******************************************************************/

/* $Xorg: colormap.c,v 1.4 2001/02/09 02:04:39 xorgcvs Exp $ */

#ifdef HAVE_DIX_CONFIG_H
#include <dix-config.h>
#endif

#include <X11/X.h>
#define NEED_EVENTS
#include <X11/Xproto.h>
#include "misc.h"
#include "dix.h"
#include "colormapst.h"
#include "os.h"
#include "scrnintstr.h"
#include "resource.h"
#include "windowstr.h"
#ifdef LBX
#include "lbxserve.h"
#endif

extern XID clientErrorValue;
extern int colormapPrivateCount;

static Pixel FindBestPixel(
    EntryPtr /*pentFirst*/,
    int /*size*/,
    xrgb * /*prgb*/,
    int /*channel*/
);

static int AllComp(
    EntryPtr /*pent*/,
    xrgb * /*prgb*/
);

static int RedComp(
    EntryPtr /*pent*/,
    xrgb * /*prgb*/
);

static int GreenComp(
    EntryPtr /*pent*/,
    xrgb * /*prgb*/
);

static int BlueComp(
    EntryPtr /*pent*/,
    xrgb * /*prgb*/
);

static void FreePixels(
    register ColormapPtr /*pmap*/,
    register int /*client*/
);

static void CopyFree(
    int /*channel*/,
    int /*client*/,
    ColormapPtr /*pmapSrc*/,
    ColormapPtr /*pmapDst*/
);

static void FreeCell(
    ColormapPtr /*pmap*/,
    Pixel /*i*/,
    int /*channel*/
);

static void UpdateColors(
    ColormapPtr /*pmap*/
);

static int AllocDirect(
    int /*client*/,
    ColormapPtr /*pmap*/,
    int /*c*/,
    int /*r*/,
    int /*g*/,
    int /*b*/,
    Bool /*contig*/,
    Pixel * /*pixels*/,
    Pixel * /*prmask*/,
    Pixel * /*pgmask*/,
    Pixel * /*pbmask*/
);

static int AllocPseudo(
    int /*client*/,
    ColormapPtr /*pmap*/,
    int /*c*/,
    int /*r*/,
    Bool /*contig*/,
    Pixel * /*pixels*/,
    Pixel * /*pmask*/,
    Pixel ** /*pppixFirst*/
);

static Bool AllocCP(
    ColormapPtr /*pmap*/,
    EntryPtr /*pentFirst*/,
    int /*count*/,
    int /*planes*/,
    Bool /*contig*/,
    Pixel * /*pixels*/,
    Pixel * /*pMask*/
);

static Bool AllocShared(
    ColormapPtr /*pmap*/,
    Pixel * /*ppix*/,
    int /*c*/,
    int /*r*/,
    int /*g*/,
    int /*b*/,
    Pixel /*rmask*/,
    Pixel /*gmask*/,
    Pixel /*bmask*/,
    Pixel * /*ppixFirst*/
);

static int FreeCo(
    ColormapPtr /*pmap*/,
    int /*client*/,
    int /*color*/,
    int /*npixIn*/,
    Pixel * /*ppixIn*/,
    Pixel /*mask*/
);

static int   TellNoMap(
    WindowPtr     /*pwin*/,
    Colormap      * /*pmid*/
);

static void FindColorInRootCmap (
    ColormapPtr   /* pmap */,
    EntryPtr      /* pentFirst */,
    int           /* size */,
    xrgb*   /* prgb */,
    Pixel*  /* pPixel */,
    int           /* channel */,
    ColorCompareProcPtr /* comp */
);

#define NUMRED(vis) ((vis->redMask >> vis->offsetRed) + 1)
#define NUMGREEN(vis) ((vis->greenMask >> vis->offsetGreen) + 1)
#define NUMBLUE(vis) ((vis->blueMask >> vis->offsetBlue) + 1)
#if COMPOSITE
#define ALPHAMASK(vis)  ((vis)->nplanes < 32 ? 0 : \
                   (CARD32) ~((vis)->redMask|(vis)->greenMask|(vis)->blueMask))
#else
#define ALPHAMASK(vis)  0
#endif

#define RGBMASK(vis) (vis->redMask | vis->greenMask | vis->blueMask | ALPHAMASK(vis))

/* GetNextBitsOrBreak(bits, mask, base)  -- 
 * (Suggestion: First read the macro, then read this explanation.
 *
 * Either generate the next value to OR in to a pixel or break out of this
 * while loop 
 *
 * This macro is used when we're trying to generate all 2^n combinations of
 * bits in mask.  What we're doing here is counting in binary, except that
 * the bits we use to count may not be contiguous.  This macro will be
 * called 2^n times, returning a different value in bits each time. Then
 * it will cause us to break out of a surrounding loop. (It will always be
 * called from within a while loop.)
 * On call: mask is the value we want to find all the combinations for
 * base has 1 bit set where the least significant bit of mask is set
 *
 * For example,if mask is 01010, base should be 0010 and we count like this:
 * 00010 (see this isn't so hard), 
 *     then we add base to bits and get 0100. (bits & ~mask) is (0100 & 0100) so
 *      we add that to bits getting (0100 + 0100) =
 * 01000 for our next value.
 *      then we add 0010 to get 
 * 01010 and we're done (easy as 1, 2, 3)
 */
#define GetNextBitsOrBreak(bits, mask, base)    \
          if((bits) == (mask))            \
            break;                        \
          (bits) += (base);               \
          while((bits) & ~(mask))         \
            (bits) += ((bits) & ~(mask)); 
/* ID of server as client */
#define SERVER_ID 0

typedef struct _colorResource
{
      Colormap    mid;
      int         client;
} colorResource;

/* Invariants:
 * refcnt == 0 means entry is empty
 * refcnt > 0 means entry is useable by many clients, so it can't be changed
 * refcnt == AllocPrivate means entry owned by one client only
 * fShared should only be set if refcnt == AllocPrivate, and only in red map
 */


/** 
 * Create and initialize the color map 
 * 
 * \param mid    resource to use for this colormap
 * \param alloc  1 iff all entries are allocated writable
 */
int 
CreateColormap (Colormap mid, ScreenPtr pScreen, VisualPtr pVisual, 
                ColormapPtr *ppcmap, int alloc, int client)
{
    int           class, size;
    unsigned long sizebytes;
    ColormapPtr   pmap;
    register      EntryPtr    pent;
    int           i;
    register      Pixel *ppix, **pptr;

    class = pVisual->class;
    if(!(class & DynamicClass) && (alloc != AllocNone) && (client != SERVER_ID))
      return (BadMatch);

    size = pVisual->ColormapEntries;
    sizebytes = (size * sizeof(Entry)) +
            (MAXCLIENTS * sizeof(Pixel *)) +
            (MAXCLIENTS * sizeof(int));
    if ((class | DynamicClass) == DirectColor)
      sizebytes *= 3;
    sizebytes += sizeof(ColormapRec);
    pmap = (ColormapPtr) xalloc(sizebytes);
    if (!pmap)
      return (BadAlloc);
    pmap->red = (EntryPtr)((char *)pmap + sizeof(ColormapRec));    
    sizebytes = size * sizeof(Entry);
    pmap->clientPixelsRed = (Pixel **)((char *)pmap->red + sizebytes);
    pmap->numPixelsRed = (int *)((char *)pmap->clientPixelsRed +
                         (MAXCLIENTS * sizeof(Pixel *)));
    pmap->mid = mid;
    pmap->flags = 0;    /* start out with all flags clear */
    if(mid == pScreen->defColormap)
      pmap->flags |= IsDefault;
    pmap->pScreen = pScreen;
    pmap->pVisual = pVisual;
    pmap->class = class;
    if ((class | DynamicClass) == DirectColor)
      size = NUMRED(pVisual);
    pmap->freeRed = size;
    bzero ((char *) pmap->red, (int)sizebytes);
    bzero((char *) pmap->numPixelsRed, MAXCLIENTS * sizeof(int));
    for (pptr = &pmap->clientPixelsRed[MAXCLIENTS]; --pptr >= pmap->clientPixelsRed; )
      *pptr = (Pixel *)NULL;
    if (alloc == AllocAll)
    {
      if (class & DynamicClass)
          pmap->flags |= AllAllocated;
      for (pent = &pmap->red[size - 1]; pent >= pmap->red; pent--)
          pent->refcnt = AllocPrivate;
      pmap->freeRed = 0;
      ppix = (Pixel *)xalloc(size * sizeof(Pixel));
      if (!ppix)
      {
          xfree(pmap);
          return (BadAlloc);
      }
      pmap->clientPixelsRed[client] = ppix;
      for(i = 0; i < size; i++)
          ppix[i] = i;
      pmap->numPixelsRed[client] = size;
    }

    if ((class | DynamicClass) == DirectColor)
    {
      pmap->freeGreen = NUMGREEN(pVisual);
      pmap->green = (EntryPtr)((char *)pmap->numPixelsRed +
                         (MAXCLIENTS * sizeof(int)));
      pmap->clientPixelsGreen = (Pixel **)((char *)pmap->green + sizebytes);
      pmap->numPixelsGreen = (int *)((char *)pmap->clientPixelsGreen +
                               (MAXCLIENTS * sizeof(Pixel *)));
      pmap->freeBlue = NUMBLUE(pVisual);
      pmap->blue = (EntryPtr)((char *)pmap->numPixelsGreen +
                        (MAXCLIENTS * sizeof(int)));
      pmap->clientPixelsBlue = (Pixel **)((char *)pmap->blue + sizebytes);
      pmap->numPixelsBlue = (int *)((char *)pmap->clientPixelsBlue +
                              (MAXCLIENTS * sizeof(Pixel *)));

      bzero ((char *) pmap->green, (int)sizebytes);
      bzero ((char *) pmap->blue, (int)sizebytes);

      memmove((char *) pmap->clientPixelsGreen,
            (char *) pmap->clientPixelsRed,
            MAXCLIENTS * sizeof(Pixel *));
      memmove((char *) pmap->clientPixelsBlue,
            (char *) pmap->clientPixelsRed,
            MAXCLIENTS * sizeof(Pixel *));
      bzero((char *) pmap->numPixelsGreen, MAXCLIENTS * sizeof(int));
      bzero((char *) pmap->numPixelsBlue, MAXCLIENTS * sizeof(int));

      /* If every cell is allocated, mark its refcnt */
      if (alloc == AllocAll)
      {
          size = pmap->freeGreen;
          for(pent = &pmap->green[size-1]; pent >= pmap->green; pent--)
            pent->refcnt = AllocPrivate;
          pmap->freeGreen = 0;
          ppix = (Pixel *) xalloc(size * sizeof(Pixel));
          if (!ppix)
          {
            xfree(pmap->clientPixelsRed[client]);
            xfree(pmap);
            return(BadAlloc);
          }
          pmap->clientPixelsGreen[client] = ppix;
          for(i = 0; i < size; i++)
            ppix[i] = i;
          pmap->numPixelsGreen[client] = size;

          size = pmap->freeBlue;
          for(pent = &pmap->blue[size-1]; pent >= pmap->blue; pent--)
            pent->refcnt = AllocPrivate;
          pmap->freeBlue = 0;
          ppix = (Pixel *) xalloc(size * sizeof(Pixel));
          if (!ppix)
          {
            xfree(pmap->clientPixelsGreen[client]);
            xfree(pmap->clientPixelsRed[client]);
            xfree(pmap);
            return(BadAlloc);
          }
          pmap->clientPixelsBlue[client] = ppix;
          for(i = 0; i < size; i++)
            ppix[i] = i;
          pmap->numPixelsBlue[client] = size;
      }
    }
    if (!AddResource(mid, RT_COLORMAP, (pointer)pmap))
      return (BadAlloc);
    /* If the device wants a chance to initialize the colormap in any way,
     * this is it.  In specific, if this is a Static colormap, this is the
     * time to fill in the colormap's values */
    pmap->flags |= BeingCreated;


    /*
     * Allocate the array of devPrivate's for this colormap.
     */

    if (colormapPrivateCount == 0)
      pmap->devPrivates = NULL;
    else
    {
      pmap->devPrivates = (DevUnion *) xcalloc (
          sizeof(DevUnion), colormapPrivateCount);
      if (!pmap->devPrivates)
      {
          FreeResource (mid, RT_NONE);
          return BadAlloc;
      }
    }

    if (!(*pScreen->CreateColormap)(pmap))
    {
      FreeResource (mid, RT_NONE);
      return BadAlloc;
    }
    pmap->flags &= ~BeingCreated;
    *ppcmap = pmap;
    return (Success);
}

/**
 *
 * \param value  must conform to DeleteType
 */
int
FreeColormap (pointer value, XID mid)
{
    int           i;
    register EntryPtr pent;
    ColormapPtr   pmap = (ColormapPtr)value;

    if(CLIENT_ID(mid) != SERVER_ID)
    {
        (*pmap->pScreen->UninstallColormap) (pmap);
        WalkTree(pmap->pScreen, (VisitWindowProcPtr)TellNoMap, (pointer) &mid);
    }

    /* This is the device's chance to undo anything it needs to, especially
     * to free any storage it allocated */
    (*pmap->pScreen->DestroyColormap)(pmap);

    if(pmap->clientPixelsRed)
    {
      for(i = 0; i < MAXCLIENTS; i++)
          xfree(pmap->clientPixelsRed[i]);
    }

    if ((pmap->class == PseudoColor) || (pmap->class == GrayScale))
    {
      for(pent = &pmap->red[pmap->pVisual->ColormapEntries - 1];
          pent >= pmap->red;
          pent--)
      {
          if(pent->fShared)
          {
            if (--pent->co.shco.red->refcnt == 0)
                xfree(pent->co.shco.red);
            if (--pent->co.shco.green->refcnt == 0)
                xfree(pent->co.shco.green);
            if (--pent->co.shco.blue->refcnt == 0)
                xfree(pent->co.shco.blue);
          }
      }
    }
    if((pmap->class | DynamicClass) == DirectColor)
    {
        for(i = 0; i < MAXCLIENTS; i++)
      {
            xfree(pmap->clientPixelsGreen[i]);
            xfree(pmap->clientPixelsBlue[i]);
        }
    }

    if (pmap->devPrivates)
      xfree(pmap->devPrivates);

    xfree(pmap);
    return(Success);
}

/* Tell window that pmid has disappeared */
static int
TellNoMap (WindowPtr pwin, Colormap *pmid)
{
    xEvent  xE;

    if (wColormap(pwin) == *pmid)
    {
      /* This should be call to DeliverEvent */
      xE.u.u.type = ColormapNotify;
      xE.u.colormap.window = pwin->drawable.id;
      xE.u.colormap.colormap = None;
      xE.u.colormap.new = TRUE;
      xE.u.colormap.state = ColormapUninstalled;
#ifdef PANORAMIX
        if(noPanoramiXExtension || !pwin->drawable.pScreen->myNum)
#endif
         DeliverEvents(pwin, &xE, 1, (WindowPtr)NULL);
      if (pwin->optional) {
          pwin->optional->colormap = None;
          CheckWindowOptionalNeed (pwin);
      }
    }

    return (WT_WALKCHILDREN);
}

/* Tell window that pmid got uninstalled */
int
TellLostMap (WindowPtr pwin, pointer value)
{
    Colormap      *pmid = (Colormap *)value;
    xEvent  xE;

#ifdef PANORAMIX
    if(!noPanoramiXExtension && pwin->drawable.pScreen->myNum)
      return WT_STOPWALKING;
#endif
    if (wColormap(pwin) == *pmid)
    {
      /* This should be call to DeliverEvent */
      xE.u.u.type = ColormapNotify;
      xE.u.colormap.window = pwin->drawable.id;
      xE.u.colormap.colormap = *pmid;
      xE.u.colormap.new = FALSE;
      xE.u.colormap.state = ColormapUninstalled;
      DeliverEvents(pwin, &xE, 1, (WindowPtr)NULL);
    }

    return (WT_WALKCHILDREN);
}

/* Tell window that pmid got installed */
int
TellGainedMap (WindowPtr pwin, pointer value)
{
    Colormap      *pmid = (Colormap *)value;
    xEvent  xE;

#ifdef PANORAMIX
    if(!noPanoramiXExtension && pwin->drawable.pScreen->myNum)
      return WT_STOPWALKING;
#endif
    if (wColormap (pwin) == *pmid)
    {
      /* This should be call to DeliverEvent */
      xE.u.u.type = ColormapNotify;
      xE.u.colormap.window = pwin->drawable.id;
      xE.u.colormap.colormap = *pmid;
      xE.u.colormap.new = FALSE;
      xE.u.colormap.state = ColormapInstalled;
      DeliverEvents(pwin, &xE, 1, (WindowPtr)NULL);
    }

    return (WT_WALKCHILDREN);
}

  
int
CopyColormapAndFree (Colormap mid, ColormapPtr pSrc, int client)
{
    ColormapPtr   pmap = (ColormapPtr) NULL;
    int           result, alloc, size;
    Colormap      midSrc;
    ScreenPtr     pScreen;
    VisualPtr     pVisual;

    pScreen = pSrc->pScreen;
    pVisual = pSrc->pVisual;
    midSrc = pSrc->mid;
    alloc = ((pSrc->flags & AllAllocated) && CLIENT_ID(midSrc) == client) ?
            AllocAll : AllocNone;
    size = pVisual->ColormapEntries;

    /* If the create returns non-0, it failed */
    result = CreateColormap (mid, pScreen, pVisual, &pmap, alloc, client);
    if(result != Success)
        return(result);
    if(alloc == AllocAll)
    {
      memmove((char *)pmap->red, (char *)pSrc->red, size * sizeof(Entry));
      if((pmap->class | DynamicClass) == DirectColor)
      {
          memmove((char *)pmap->green, (char *)pSrc->green, size * sizeof(Entry));
          memmove((char *)pmap->blue, (char *)pSrc->blue, size * sizeof(Entry));
      }
      pSrc->flags &= ~AllAllocated;
      FreePixels(pSrc, client);
      UpdateColors(pmap);
      return(Success);
    }

    CopyFree(REDMAP, client, pSrc, pmap);
    if ((pmap->class | DynamicClass) == DirectColor)
    {
      CopyFree(GREENMAP, client, pSrc, pmap);
      CopyFree(BLUEMAP, client, pSrc, pmap);
    }
    if (pmap->class & DynamicClass)
      UpdateColors(pmap);
    /* XXX should worry about removing any RT_CMAPENTRY resource */
    return(Success);
}

/* Helper routine for freeing large numbers of cells from a map */
static void
CopyFree (int channel, int client, ColormapPtr pmapSrc, ColormapPtr pmapDst)
{
    int           z, npix;
    EntryPtr      pentSrcFirst, pentDstFirst;
    EntryPtr      pentSrc, pentDst;
    Pixel   *ppix;
    int           nalloc;

    switch(channel)
    {
      default:    /* so compiler can see that everything gets initialized */
      case REDMAP:
      ppix = (pmapSrc->clientPixelsRed)[client];
      npix = (pmapSrc->numPixelsRed)[client];
      pentSrcFirst = pmapSrc->red;
      pentDstFirst = pmapDst->red;
      break;
      case GREENMAP:
      ppix = (pmapSrc->clientPixelsGreen)[client];
      npix = (pmapSrc->numPixelsGreen)[client];
      pentSrcFirst = pmapSrc->green;
      pentDstFirst = pmapDst->green;
      break;
      case BLUEMAP:
      ppix = (pmapSrc->clientPixelsBlue)[client];
      npix = (pmapSrc->numPixelsBlue)[client];
      pentSrcFirst = pmapSrc->blue;
      pentDstFirst = pmapDst->blue;
      break;
    }
    nalloc = 0;
    if (pmapSrc->class & DynamicClass)
    {
      for(z = npix; --z >= 0; ppix++)
      {
          /* Copy entries */
          pentSrc = pentSrcFirst + *ppix;
          pentDst = pentDstFirst + *ppix;
          if (pentDst->refcnt > 0)
          {
            pentDst->refcnt++;
          }
          else
          {
            *pentDst = *pentSrc;
            nalloc++;
            if (pentSrc->refcnt > 0)
                pentDst->refcnt = 1;
            else
                pentSrc->fShared = FALSE;
          }
          FreeCell(pmapSrc, *ppix, channel);
      }
    }

    /* Note that FreeCell has already fixed pmapSrc->free{Color} */
    switch(channel)
    {
      case REDMAP:
        pmapDst->freeRed -= nalloc;
        (pmapDst->clientPixelsRed)[client] =
          (pmapSrc->clientPixelsRed)[client];
        (pmapSrc->clientPixelsRed)[client] = (Pixel *) NULL;
        (pmapDst->numPixelsRed)[client] = (pmapSrc->numPixelsRed)[client];
        (pmapSrc->numPixelsRed)[client] = 0;
      break;
      case GREENMAP:
        pmapDst->freeGreen -= nalloc;
        (pmapDst->clientPixelsGreen)[client] =
          (pmapSrc->clientPixelsGreen)[client];
        (pmapSrc->clientPixelsGreen)[client] = (Pixel *) NULL;
        (pmapDst->numPixelsGreen)[client] = (pmapSrc->numPixelsGreen)[client];
        (pmapSrc->numPixelsGreen)[client] = 0;
      break;
      case BLUEMAP:
        pmapDst->freeBlue -= nalloc;
        pmapDst->clientPixelsBlue[client] = pmapSrc->clientPixelsBlue[client];
        pmapSrc->clientPixelsBlue[client] = (Pixel *) NULL;
        pmapDst->numPixelsBlue[client] = pmapSrc->numPixelsBlue[client];
        pmapSrc->numPixelsBlue[client] = 0;
      break;
    }
}

/* Free the ith entry in a color map.  Must handle freeing of
 * colors allocated through AllocColorPlanes */
static void
FreeCell (ColormapPtr pmap, Pixel i, int channel)
{
    EntryPtr pent;
    int     *pCount;


    switch (channel)
    {
      default:    /* so compiler can see that everything gets initialized */
      case PSEUDOMAP:
      case REDMAP:
          pent = (EntryPtr) &pmap->red[i];
        pCount = &pmap->freeRed;
        break;
      case GREENMAP:
          pent = (EntryPtr) &pmap->green[i];
        pCount = &pmap->freeGreen;
        break;
      case BLUEMAP:
          pent = (EntryPtr) &pmap->blue[i];
        pCount = &pmap->freeBlue;
        break;
    }
    /* If it's not privately allocated and it's not time to free it, just
     * decrement the count */
    if (pent->refcnt > 1)
      pent->refcnt--;
    else
    {
        /* If the color type is shared, find the sharedcolor. If decremented
         * refcnt is 0, free the shared cell. */
        if (pent->fShared)
      {
          if(--pent->co.shco.red->refcnt == 0)
            xfree(pent->co.shco.red);
          if(--pent->co.shco.green->refcnt == 0)
            xfree(pent->co.shco.green);
          if(--pent->co.shco.blue->refcnt == 0)
            xfree(pent->co.shco.blue);
          pent->fShared = FALSE;
      }
      pent->refcnt = 0;
      *pCount += 1;
    }
}

static void
UpdateColors (ColormapPtr pmap)
{
    xColorItem          *defs;
    register xColorItem *pdef;
    register EntryPtr   pent;
    register VisualPtr  pVisual;
    int                 i, n, size;

    pVisual = pmap->pVisual;
    size = pVisual->ColormapEntries;
    defs = (xColorItem *)ALLOCATE_LOCAL(size * sizeof(xColorItem));
    if (!defs)
      return;
    n = 0;
    pdef = defs;
    if (pmap->class == DirectColor)
    {
        for (i = 0; i < size; i++)
      {
          if (!pmap->red[i].refcnt &&
            !pmap->green[i].refcnt &&
            !pmap->blue[i].refcnt)
            continue;
          pdef->pixel = ((Pixel)i << pVisual->offsetRed) |
                    ((Pixel)i << pVisual->offsetGreen) |
                    ((Pixel)i << pVisual->offsetBlue);
          pdef->red = pmap->red[i].co.local.red;
          pdef->green = pmap->green[i].co.local.green;
          pdef->blue = pmap->blue[i].co.local.blue;
          pdef->flags = DoRed|DoGreen|DoBlue;
          pdef++;
          n++;
      }
    }
    else
    {
        for (i = 0, pent = pmap->red; i < size; i++, pent++)
      {
          if (!pent->refcnt)
            continue;
          pdef->pixel = i;
          if(pent->fShared)
          {
            pdef->red = pent->co.shco.red->color;
            pdef->green = pent->co.shco.green->color;
            pdef->blue = pent->co.shco.blue->color;
          }
          else
          {
            pdef->red = pent->co.local.red;
            pdef->green = pent->co.local.green;
            pdef->blue = pent->co.local.blue;
          }
          pdef->flags = DoRed|DoGreen|DoBlue;
          pdef++;
          n++;
      }
    }
    if (n)
      (*pmap->pScreen->StoreColors)(pmap, n, defs);
    DEALLOCATE_LOCAL(defs);
}

/* Get a read-only color from a ColorMap (probably slow for large maps)
 * Returns by changing the value in pred, pgreen, pblue and pPix
 */
int
AllocColor (ColormapPtr pmap, 
            unsigned short *pred, unsigned short *pgreen, unsigned short *pblue, 
            Pixel *pPix, int client)
{
    Pixel   pixR, pixG, pixB;
    int           entries;
    xrgb    rgb;
    int           class;
    VisualPtr     pVisual;
    int           npix;
    Pixel   *ppix;

    pVisual = pmap->pVisual;
    (*pmap->pScreen->ResolveColor) (pred, pgreen, pblue, pVisual);
    rgb.red = *pred;
    rgb.green = *pgreen;
    rgb.blue = *pblue;
    class = pmap->class;
    entries = pVisual->ColormapEntries;

    /* If the colormap is being created, then we want to be able to change
     * the colormap, even if it's a static type. Otherwise, we'd never be
     * able to initialize static colormaps
     */
    if(pmap->flags & BeingCreated)
      class |= DynamicClass;

    /* If this is one of the static storage classes, and we're not initializing
     * it, the best we can do is to find the closest color entry to the
     * requested one and return that.
     */
    switch (class) {
    case StaticColor:
    case StaticGray:
      /* Look up all three components in the same pmap */
      *pPix = pixR = FindBestPixel(pmap->red, entries, &rgb, PSEUDOMAP);
      *pred = pmap->red[pixR].co.local.red;
      *pgreen = pmap->red[pixR].co.local.green;
      *pblue = pmap->red[pixR].co.local.blue;
      npix = pmap->numPixelsRed[client];
      ppix = (Pixel *) xrealloc(pmap->clientPixelsRed[client],
                          (npix + 1) * sizeof(Pixel));
      if (!ppix)
          return (BadAlloc);
      ppix[npix] = pixR;
      pmap->clientPixelsRed[client] = ppix;
      pmap->numPixelsRed[client]++;
      break;

    case TrueColor:
      /* Look up each component in its own map, then OR them together */
      pixR = FindBestPixel(pmap->red, NUMRED(pVisual), &rgb, REDMAP);
      pixG = FindBestPixel(pmap->green, NUMGREEN(pVisual), &rgb, GREENMAP);
      pixB = FindBestPixel(pmap->blue, NUMBLUE(pVisual), &rgb, BLUEMAP);
      *pPix = (pixR << pVisual->offsetRed) |
            (pixG << pVisual->offsetGreen) |
            (pixB << pVisual->offsetBlue) |
            ALPHAMASK(pVisual);
      
      *pred = pmap->red[pixR].co.local.red;
      *pgreen = pmap->green[pixG].co.local.green;
      *pblue = pmap->blue[pixB].co.local.blue;
      npix = pmap->numPixelsRed[client];
      ppix = (Pixel *) xrealloc(pmap->clientPixelsRed[client],
                          (npix + 1) * sizeof(Pixel));
      if (!ppix)
          return (BadAlloc);
      ppix[npix] = pixR;
      pmap->clientPixelsRed[client] = ppix;
      npix = pmap->numPixelsGreen[client];
      ppix = (Pixel *) xrealloc(pmap->clientPixelsGreen[client],
                          (npix + 1) * sizeof(Pixel));
      if (!ppix)
          return (BadAlloc);
      ppix[npix] = pixG;
      pmap->clientPixelsGreen[client] = ppix;
      npix = pmap->numPixelsBlue[client];
      ppix = (Pixel *) xrealloc(pmap->clientPixelsBlue[client],
                          (npix + 1) * sizeof(Pixel));
      if (!ppix)
          return (BadAlloc);
      ppix[npix] = pixB;
      pmap->clientPixelsBlue[client] = ppix;
      pmap->numPixelsRed[client]++;
      pmap->numPixelsGreen[client]++;
      pmap->numPixelsBlue[client]++;
      break;

    case GrayScale:
    case PseudoColor:
      if (pmap->mid != pmap->pScreen->defColormap &&
          pmap->pVisual->vid == pmap->pScreen->rootVisual)
      {
          ColormapPtr prootmap = (ColormapPtr)
            SecurityLookupIDByType (clients[client], pmap->pScreen->defColormap,
                               RT_COLORMAP, SecurityReadAccess);

          if (pmap->class == prootmap->class)
            FindColorInRootCmap (prootmap, prootmap->red, entries, &rgb, 
                  pPix, PSEUDOMAP, AllComp);
      }
      if (FindColor(pmap, pmap->red, entries, &rgb, pPix, PSEUDOMAP,
                  client, AllComp) != Success)
          return (BadAlloc);
        break;

    case DirectColor:
      if (pmap->mid != pmap->pScreen->defColormap &&
          pmap->pVisual->vid == pmap->pScreen->rootVisual)
      {
          ColormapPtr prootmap = (ColormapPtr)
            SecurityLookupIDByType (clients[client], pmap->pScreen->defColormap,
                               RT_COLORMAP, SecurityReadAccess);

          if (pmap->class == prootmap->class)
          {
            pixR = (*pPix & pVisual->redMask) >> pVisual->offsetRed; 
            FindColorInRootCmap (prootmap, prootmap->red, entries, &rgb, 
                  &pixR, REDMAP, RedComp);
            pixG = (*pPix & pVisual->greenMask) >> pVisual->offsetGreen; 
            FindColorInRootCmap (prootmap, prootmap->green, entries, &rgb, 
                  &pixG, GREENMAP, GreenComp);
            pixB = (*pPix & pVisual->blueMask) >> pVisual->offsetBlue; 
            FindColorInRootCmap (prootmap, prootmap->blue, entries, &rgb, 
                  &pixB, BLUEMAP, BlueComp);
            *pPix = pixR | pixG | pixB;
          }
      }

      pixR = (*pPix & pVisual->redMask) >> pVisual->offsetRed; 
      if (FindColor(pmap, pmap->red, NUMRED(pVisual), &rgb, &pixR, REDMAP,
                  client, RedComp) != Success)
          return (BadAlloc);
      pixG = (*pPix & pVisual->greenMask) >> pVisual->offsetGreen; 
      if (FindColor(pmap, pmap->green, NUMGREEN(pVisual), &rgb, &pixG,
                  GREENMAP, client, GreenComp) != Success)
      {
          (void)FreeCo(pmap, client, REDMAP, 1, &pixR, (Pixel)0);
          return (BadAlloc);
      }
      pixB = (*pPix & pVisual->blueMask) >> pVisual->offsetBlue; 
      if (FindColor(pmap, pmap->blue, NUMBLUE(pVisual), &rgb, &pixB, BLUEMAP,
                  client, BlueComp) != Success)
      {
          (void)FreeCo(pmap, client, GREENMAP, 1, &pixG, (Pixel)0);
          (void)FreeCo(pmap, client, REDMAP, 1, &pixR, (Pixel)0);
          return (BadAlloc);
      }
      *pPix = pixR | pixG | pixB | ALPHAMASK(pVisual);

      break;
    }

    /* if this is the client's first pixel in this colormap, tell the
     * resource manager that the client has pixels in this colormap which
     * should be freed when the client dies */
    if ((pmap->numPixelsRed[client] == 1) &&
      (CLIENT_ID(pmap->mid) != client) &&
      !(pmap->flags & BeingCreated))
    {
      colorResource     *pcr;

      pcr = (colorResource *) xalloc(sizeof(colorResource));
      if (!pcr)
      {
          (void)FreeColors(pmap, client, 1, pPix, (Pixel)0);
          return (BadAlloc);
      }
      pcr->mid = pmap->mid;
      pcr->client = client;
      if (!AddResource(FakeClientID(client), RT_CMAPENTRY, (pointer)pcr))
          return (BadAlloc);
    }
    return (Success);
}

/*
 * FakeAllocColor -- fake an AllocColor request by
 * returning a free pixel if availible, otherwise returning
 * the closest matching pixel.  This is used by the mi
 * software sprite code to recolor cursors.  A nice side-effect
 * is that this routine will never return failure.
 */

void
FakeAllocColor (register ColormapPtr pmap, register xColorItem *item)
{
    Pixel   pixR, pixG, pixB;
    Pixel   temp;
    int           entries;
    xrgb    rgb;
    int           class;
    register VisualPtr  pVisual;

    pVisual = pmap->pVisual;
    rgb.red = item->red;
    rgb.green = item->green;
    rgb.blue = item->blue;
    (*pmap->pScreen->ResolveColor) (&rgb.red, &rgb.green, &rgb.blue, pVisual);
    class = pmap->class;
    entries = pVisual->ColormapEntries;

    switch (class) {
    case GrayScale:
    case PseudoColor:
      item->pixel = 0;
      if (FindColor(pmap, pmap->red, entries, &rgb, &temp, PSEUDOMAP,
                  -1, AllComp) == Success) {
          item->pixel = temp;
          break;
      }
      /* fall through ... */
    case StaticColor:
    case StaticGray:
      item->pixel = FindBestPixel(pmap->red, entries, &rgb, PSEUDOMAP);
      break;

    case DirectColor:
      /* Look up each component in its own map, then OR them together */
      pixR = (item->pixel & pVisual->redMask) >> pVisual->offsetRed; 
      pixG = (item->pixel & pVisual->greenMask) >> pVisual->offsetGreen; 
      pixB = (item->pixel & pVisual->blueMask) >> pVisual->offsetBlue; 
      if (FindColor(pmap, pmap->red, NUMRED(pVisual), &rgb, &pixR, REDMAP,
                  -1, RedComp) != Success)
          pixR = FindBestPixel(pmap->red, NUMRED(pVisual), &rgb, REDMAP)
                  << pVisual->offsetRed;
      if (FindColor(pmap, pmap->green, NUMGREEN(pVisual), &rgb, &pixG,
                  GREENMAP, -1, GreenComp) != Success)
          pixG = FindBestPixel(pmap->green, NUMGREEN(pVisual), &rgb,
                         GREENMAP) << pVisual->offsetGreen;
      if (FindColor(pmap, pmap->blue, NUMBLUE(pVisual), &rgb, &pixB, BLUEMAP,
                  -1, BlueComp) != Success)
          pixB = FindBestPixel(pmap->blue, NUMBLUE(pVisual), &rgb, BLUEMAP)
                  << pVisual->offsetBlue;
      item->pixel = pixR | pixG | pixB;
      break;

    case TrueColor:
      /* Look up each component in its own map, then OR them together */
      pixR = FindBestPixel(pmap->red, NUMRED(pVisual), &rgb, REDMAP);
      pixG = FindBestPixel(pmap->green, NUMGREEN(pVisual), &rgb, GREENMAP);
      pixB = FindBestPixel(pmap->blue, NUMBLUE(pVisual), &rgb, BLUEMAP);
      item->pixel = (pixR << pVisual->offsetRed) |
                  (pixG << pVisual->offsetGreen) |
                  (pixB << pVisual->offsetBlue);
      break;
    }
}

/* free a pixel value obtained from FakeAllocColor */
void
FakeFreeColor(register ColormapPtr pmap, Pixel pixel)
{
    register VisualPtr pVisual;
    Pixel pixR, pixG, pixB;

    switch (pmap->class) {
    case GrayScale:
    case PseudoColor:
      if (pmap->red[pixel].refcnt == AllocTemporary)
          pmap->red[pixel].refcnt = 0;
      break;
    case DirectColor:
      pVisual = pmap->pVisual;
      pixR = (pixel & pVisual->redMask) >> pVisual->offsetRed; 
      pixG = (pixel & pVisual->greenMask) >> pVisual->offsetGreen; 
      pixB = (pixel & pVisual->blueMask) >> pVisual->offsetBlue; 
      if (pmap->red[pixR].refcnt == AllocTemporary)
          pmap->red[pixR].refcnt = 0;
      if (pmap->green[pixG].refcnt == AllocTemporary)
          pmap->green[pixG].refcnt = 0;
      if (pmap->blue[pixB].refcnt == AllocTemporary)
          pmap->blue[pixB].refcnt = 0;
      break;
    }
}

typedef unsigned short  BigNumUpper;
typedef unsigned long   BigNumLower;

#define BIGNUMLOWERBITS 24
#define BIGNUMUPPERBITS 16
#define BIGNUMLOWER (1 << BIGNUMLOWERBITS)
#define BIGNUMUPPER (1 << BIGNUMUPPERBITS)
#define UPPERPART(i)    ((i) >> BIGNUMLOWERBITS)
#define LOWERPART(i)    ((i) & (BIGNUMLOWER - 1))

typedef struct _bignum {
    BigNumUpper   upper;
    BigNumLower   lower;
} BigNumRec, *BigNumPtr;

#define BigNumGreater(x,y) (((x)->upper > (y)->upper) ||\
                      ((x)->upper == (y)->upper && (x)->lower > (y)->lower))

#define UnsignedToBigNum(u,r) (((r)->upper = UPPERPART(u)), \
                         ((r)->lower = LOWERPART(u)))

#define MaxBigNum(r)          (((r)->upper = BIGNUMUPPER-1), \
                         ((r)->lower = BIGNUMLOWER-1))

static void
BigNumAdd (BigNumPtr x, BigNumPtr y, BigNumPtr r)
{
    BigNumLower   lower, carry = 0;

    lower = x->lower + y->lower;
    if (lower >= BIGNUMLOWER) {
      lower -= BIGNUMLOWER;
      carry = 1;
    }
    r->lower = lower;
    r->upper = x->upper + y->upper + carry;
}

static Pixel
FindBestPixel(EntryPtr pentFirst, int size, xrgb *prgb, int channel)
{
    EntryPtr      pent;
    Pixel   pixel, final;
    long    dr, dg, db;
    unsigned long   sq;
    BigNumRec     minval, sum, temp;

    final = 0;
    MaxBigNum(&minval);
    /* look for the minimal difference */
    for (pent = pentFirst, pixel = 0; pixel < size; pent++, pixel++)
    {
      dr = dg = db = 0;
      switch(channel)
      {
        case PSEUDOMAP:
            dg = (long) pent->co.local.green - prgb->green;
            db = (long) pent->co.local.blue - prgb->blue;
        case REDMAP:
            dr = (long) pent->co.local.red - prgb->red;
            break;
        case GREENMAP:
            dg = (long) pent->co.local.green - prgb->green;
            break;
        case BLUEMAP:
            db = (long) pent->co.local.blue - prgb->blue;
            break;
      }
      sq = dr * dr;
      UnsignedToBigNum (sq, &sum);
      sq = dg * dg;
      UnsignedToBigNum (sq, &temp);
      BigNumAdd (&sum, &temp, &sum);
      sq = db * db;
      UnsignedToBigNum (sq, &temp);
      BigNumAdd (&sum, &temp, &sum);
      if (BigNumGreater (&minval, &sum))
      {
          final = pixel;
          minval = sum;
      }
    }
    return(final);
}

static void
FindColorInRootCmap (ColormapPtr pmap, EntryPtr pentFirst, int size, 
                     xrgb *prgb, Pixel *pPixel, int channel, 
                     ColorCompareProcPtr comp)
{
    EntryPtr    pent;
    Pixel   pixel;
    int         count;

    if ((pixel = *pPixel) >= size)
      pixel = 0;
    for (pent = pentFirst + pixel, count = size; --count >= 0; pent++, pixel++)
    {
      if (pent->refcnt > 0 && (*comp) (pent, prgb))
      {
          switch (channel)
          {
          case REDMAP:
            pixel <<= pmap->pVisual->offsetRed;
            break;
          case GREENMAP:
            pixel <<= pmap->pVisual->offsetGreen;
            break;
          case BLUEMAP:
            pixel <<= pmap->pVisual->offsetBlue;
            break;
          default: /* PSEUDOMAP */
            break;
          }
          *pPixel = pixel;
      }
    }
}

/* Tries to find a color in pmap that exactly matches the one requested in prgb
 * if it can't it allocates one.
 * Starts looking at pentFirst + *pPixel, so if you want a specific pixel,
 * load *pPixel with that value, otherwise set it to 0
 */
int
FindColor (ColormapPtr pmap, EntryPtr pentFirst, int size, xrgb *prgb, 
           Pixel *pPixel, int channel, int client, 
           ColorCompareProcPtr comp)
{
    EntryPtr      pent;
    Bool    foundFree;
    Pixel   pixel, Free = 0;
    int           npix, count, *nump = NULL;
    Pixel   **pixp = NULL, *ppix;
    xColorItem    def;

    foundFree = FALSE;

    if((pixel = *pPixel) >= size)
      pixel = 0;
    /* see if there is a match, and also look for a free entry */
    for (pent = pentFirst + pixel, count = size; --count >= 0; )
    {
        if (pent->refcnt > 0)
      {
          if ((*comp) (pent, prgb))
          {
            if (client >= 0)
                pent->refcnt++;
            *pPixel = pixel;
            switch(channel)
            {
              case REDMAP:
                *pPixel <<= pmap->pVisual->offsetRed;
              case PSEUDOMAP:
                break;
              case GREENMAP:
                *pPixel <<= pmap->pVisual->offsetGreen;
                break;
              case BLUEMAP:
                *pPixel <<= pmap->pVisual->offsetBlue;
                break;
            }
            goto gotit;
          }
        }
      else if (!foundFree && pent->refcnt == 0)
      {
          Free = pixel;
          foundFree = TRUE;
          /* If we're initializing the colormap, then we are looking for
           * the first free cell we can find, not to minimize the number
           * of entries we use.  So don't look any further. */
          if(pmap->flags & BeingCreated)
            break;
      }
      pixel++;
      if(pixel >= size)
      {
          pent = pentFirst;
          pixel = 0;
      }
      else
          pent++;
    }

    /* If we got here, we didn't find a match.  If we also didn't find
     * a free entry, we're out of luck.  Otherwise, we'll usurp a free
     * entry and fill it in */
    if (!foundFree)
      return (BadAlloc);
    pent = pentFirst + Free;
    pent->fShared = FALSE;
    pent->refcnt = (client >= 0) ? 1 : AllocTemporary;

    switch (channel)
    {
      case PSEUDOMAP:
        pent->co.local.red = prgb->red;
        pent->co.local.green = prgb->green;
        pent->co.local.blue = prgb->blue;
        def.red = prgb->red;
      def.green = prgb->green;
      def.blue = prgb->blue;
      def.flags = (DoRed|DoGreen|DoBlue);
      if (client >= 0)
          pmap->freeRed--;
      def.pixel = Free;
      break;

      case REDMAP:
        pent->co.local.red = prgb->red;
        def.red = prgb->red;
      def.green = pmap->green[0].co.local.green;
      def.blue = pmap->blue[0].co.local.blue;
      def.flags = DoRed;
      if (client >= 0)
          pmap->freeRed--;
      def.pixel = Free << pmap->pVisual->offsetRed;
      break;

      case GREENMAP:
      pent->co.local.green = prgb->green;
      def.red = pmap->red[0].co.local.red;
        def.green = prgb->green;
      def.blue = pmap->blue[0].co.local.blue;
      def.flags = DoGreen;
      if (client >= 0)
          pmap->freeGreen--;
      def.pixel = Free << pmap->pVisual->offsetGreen;
      break;

      case BLUEMAP:
      pent->co.local.blue = prgb->blue;
      def.red = pmap->red[0].co.local.red;
      def.green = pmap->green[0].co.local.green;
      def.blue = prgb->blue;
      def.flags = DoBlue;
      if (client >= 0)
          pmap->freeBlue--;
      def.pixel = Free << pmap->pVisual->offsetBlue;
      break;
    }
    (*pmap->pScreen->StoreColors) (pmap, 1, &def);
    pixel = Free; 
    *pPixel = def.pixel;

gotit:
    if (pmap->flags & BeingCreated || client == -1)
      return(Success);
    /* Now remember the pixel, for freeing later */
    switch (channel)
    {
      case PSEUDOMAP:
      case REDMAP:
      nump = pmap->numPixelsRed;
      pixp = pmap->clientPixelsRed;
      break;

      case GREENMAP:
      nump = pmap->numPixelsGreen;
      pixp = pmap->clientPixelsGreen;
      break;

      case BLUEMAP:
      nump = pmap->numPixelsBlue;
      pixp = pmap->clientPixelsBlue;
      break;
    }
    npix = nump[client];
    ppix = (Pixel *) xrealloc (pixp[client], (npix + 1) * sizeof(Pixel));
    if (!ppix)
    {
      pent->refcnt--;
      if (!pent->fShared)
          switch (channel)
          {
            case PSEUDOMAP:
            case REDMAP:
            pmap->freeRed++;
            break;
            case GREENMAP:
            pmap->freeGreen++;
            break;
            case BLUEMAP:
            pmap->freeBlue++;
            break;
          }
      return(BadAlloc);
    }
    ppix[npix] = pixel;
    pixp[client] = ppix;
    nump[client]++;

    return(Success);
}

/* Comparison functions -- passed to FindColor to determine if an
 * entry is already the color we're looking for or not */
static int
AllComp (EntryPtr pent, xrgb *prgb)
{
    if((pent->co.local.red == prgb->red) &&
       (pent->co.local.green == prgb->green) &&
       (pent->co.local.blue == prgb->blue) )
       return (1);
    return (0);
}

static int
RedComp (EntryPtr pent, xrgb *prgb)
{
    if (pent->co.local.red == prgb->red) 
      return (1);
    return (0);
}

static int
GreenComp (EntryPtr pent, xrgb *prgb)
{
    if (pent->co.local.green == prgb->green) 
      return (1);
    return (0);
}

static int
BlueComp (EntryPtr pent, xrgb *prgb)
{
    if (pent->co.local.blue == prgb->blue) 
      return (1);
    return (0);
}


/* Read the color value of a cell */

int
QueryColors (ColormapPtr pmap, int count, Pixel *ppixIn, xrgb *prgbList)
{
    Pixel   *ppix, pixel;
    xrgb    *prgb;
    VisualPtr     pVisual;
    EntryPtr      pent;
    Pixel   i;
    int           errVal = Success;

    pVisual = pmap->pVisual;
    if ((pmap->class | DynamicClass) == DirectColor)
    {
      int numred, numgreen, numblue;
      Pixel rgbbad;

      numred = NUMRED(pVisual);
      numgreen = NUMGREEN(pVisual);
      numblue = NUMBLUE(pVisual);
      rgbbad = ~RGBMASK(pVisual);
      for( ppix = ppixIn, prgb = prgbList; --count >= 0; ppix++, prgb++)
      {
          pixel = *ppix;
          if (pixel & rgbbad) {
            clientErrorValue = pixel;
            errVal =  BadValue;
            continue;
          }
          i  = (pixel & pVisual->redMask) >> pVisual->offsetRed;
          if (i >= numred)
          {
            clientErrorValue = pixel;
            errVal =  BadValue;
            continue;
          }
          prgb->red = pmap->red[i].co.local.red;
          i  = (pixel & pVisual->greenMask) >> pVisual->offsetGreen;
          if (i >= numgreen)
          {
            clientErrorValue = pixel;
            errVal =  BadValue;
            continue;
          }
          prgb->green = pmap->green[i].co.local.green;
          i  = (pixel & pVisual->blueMask) >> pVisual->offsetBlue;
          if (i >= numblue)
          {
            clientErrorValue = pixel;
            errVal =  BadValue;
            continue;
          }
          prgb->blue = pmap->blue[i].co.local.blue;
      }
    }
    else
    {
      for( ppix = ppixIn, prgb = prgbList; --count >= 0; ppix++, prgb++)
      {
          pixel = *ppix;
          if (pixel >= pVisual->ColormapEntries)
          {
            clientErrorValue = pixel;
            errVal = BadValue;
          }
          else
          {
            pent = (EntryPtr)&pmap->red[pixel];
            if (pent->fShared)
            {
                prgb->red = pent->co.shco.red->color;
                prgb->green = pent->co.shco.green->color;
                prgb->blue = pent->co.shco.blue->color;
            }
            else
            {
                prgb->red = pent->co.local.red;
                prgb->green = pent->co.local.green;
                prgb->blue = pent->co.local.blue;
            }
          }
      }
    }
    return (errVal);
}

static void
FreePixels(register ColormapPtr pmap, register int client)
{
    register Pixel            *ppix, *ppixStart;
    register int        n;
    int                       class;
#ifdef LBX
    Bool                grabbed;
    Bool                zeroRefCount;
    Bool                anyRefCountReachedZero = 0;
#endif

    class = pmap->class;
    ppixStart = pmap->clientPixelsRed[client];
    if (class & DynamicClass)
    {
      n = pmap->numPixelsRed[client];
#ifdef LBX
      grabbed = LbxCheckCmapGrabbed (pmap);
      if (grabbed)
      {
          /*
           * If the colormap is grabbed by a proxy, the server must
           * notify the proxy of all cells that are freed (the refcount
           * has reached zero on these cells).
           */

          LbxBeginFreeCellsEvent (pmap);
          LbxSortPixelList (ppixStart, n);
      }
#endif
      for (ppix = ppixStart; --n >= 0; )
      {
          FreeCell(pmap, *ppix, REDMAP);
#ifdef LBX
          /*
           * Only PSEUDO colormaps are grabbed by LBX proxies.
           * Check if the ref count reached zero on this pixel.
           */

          zeroRefCount = pmap->red[*ppix].refcnt == 0;
          if (zeroRefCount)
            anyRefCountReachedZero = 1;
          
          if (grabbed && zeroRefCount)
            LbxAddFreeCellToEvent (pmap, *ppix);
#endif
          ppix++;
      }
#ifdef LBX
      if (grabbed)
          LbxEndFreeCellsEvent (pmap);
      else if (anyRefCountReachedZero)
      {
          /*
           * We only send LbxFreeCell events to a proxy that has the colormap
           * grabbed.  If the colormap is not grabbed, the proxy that last
           * had the colormap grabbed will not be able to do a smart grab
           * in the future.  A smart grab can only occur if the proxy is kept
           * up to date on every alloc/free change in the colormap.
           */

          LbxDisableSmartGrab (pmap);
      }
#endif
    }

    xfree(ppixStart);
    pmap->clientPixelsRed[client] = (Pixel *) NULL;
    pmap->numPixelsRed[client] = 0;
    if ((class | DynamicClass) == DirectColor) 
    {
        ppixStart = pmap->clientPixelsGreen[client];
      if (class & DynamicClass)
          for (ppix = ppixStart, n = pmap->numPixelsGreen[client]; --n >= 0;)
            FreeCell(pmap, *ppix++, GREENMAP);
      xfree(ppixStart);
      pmap->clientPixelsGreen[client] = (Pixel *) NULL;
      pmap->numPixelsGreen[client] = 0;

        ppixStart = pmap->clientPixelsBlue[client];
      if (class & DynamicClass)
          for (ppix = ppixStart, n = pmap->numPixelsBlue[client]; --n >= 0; )
            FreeCell(pmap, *ppix++, BLUEMAP);
      xfree(ppixStart);
      pmap->clientPixelsBlue[client] = (Pixel *) NULL;
      pmap->numPixelsBlue[client] = 0;
    }
}

/** 
 * Frees all of a client's colors and cells.
 *
 *  \param value  must conform to DeleteType
 *  \unused fakeid
 */
int
FreeClientPixels (pointer value, XID fakeid)
{
    ColormapPtr pmap;
    colorResource *pcr = (colorResource *)value;

    pmap = (ColormapPtr) LookupIDByType(pcr->mid, RT_COLORMAP);
    if (pmap)
      FreePixels(pmap, pcr->client);
    xfree(pcr);
    return Success;
}

int
AllocColorCells (int client, ColormapPtr pmap, int colors, int planes, 
                 Bool contig, Pixel *ppix, Pixel *masks)
{
    Pixel   rmask, gmask, bmask, *ppixFirst, r, g, b;
    int           n, class;
    int           ok;
    int           oldcount;
    colorResource *pcr = (colorResource *)NULL;

    class = pmap->class;
    if (!(class & DynamicClass))
      return (BadAlloc); /* Shouldn't try on this type */
    oldcount = pmap->numPixelsRed[client];
    if (pmap->class == DirectColor)
      oldcount += pmap->numPixelsGreen[client] + pmap->numPixelsBlue[client];
    if (!oldcount && (CLIENT_ID(pmap->mid) != client))
    {
      pcr = (colorResource *) xalloc(sizeof(colorResource));
      if (!pcr)
          return (BadAlloc);
    }

    if (pmap->class == DirectColor)
    {
        ok = AllocDirect (client, pmap, colors, planes, planes, planes,
                    contig, ppix, &rmask, &gmask, &bmask);
      if(ok == Success)
      {
          for (r = g = b = 1, n = planes; --n >= 0; r += r, g += g, b += b)
          {
            while(!(rmask & r))
                r += r;
            while(!(gmask & g))
                g += g;
            while(!(bmask & b))
                b += b;
            *masks++ = r | g | b;
          }
      }
    }
    else
    {
        ok = AllocPseudo (client, pmap, colors, planes, contig, ppix, &rmask,
                    &ppixFirst);
      if(ok == Success)
      {
          for (r = 1, n = planes; --n >= 0; r += r)
          {
            while(!(rmask & r))
                r += r;
            *masks++ = r;
          }
      }
    }

    /* if this is the client's first pixels in this colormap, tell the
     * resource manager that the client has pixels in this colormap which
     * should be freed when the client dies */
    if ((ok == Success) && pcr)
    {
      pcr->mid = pmap->mid;
      pcr->client = client;
      if (!AddResource(FakeClientID(client), RT_CMAPENTRY, (pointer)pcr))
          ok = BadAlloc;
    } else if (pcr)
      xfree(pcr);

    return (ok);
}


int
AllocColorPlanes (int client, ColormapPtr pmap, int colors, 
                  int r, int g, int b, Bool contig, Pixel *pixels, 
                  Pixel *prmask, Pixel *pgmask, Pixel *pbmask)
{
    int           ok;
    Pixel   mask, *ppixFirst;
    register Pixel shift;
    register int i;
    int           class;
    int           oldcount;
    colorResource *pcr = (colorResource *)NULL;

    class = pmap->class;
    if (!(class & DynamicClass))
      return (BadAlloc); /* Shouldn't try on this type */
    oldcount = pmap->numPixelsRed[client];
    if (class == DirectColor)
      oldcount += pmap->numPixelsGreen[client] + pmap->numPixelsBlue[client];
    if (!oldcount && (CLIENT_ID(pmap->mid) != client))
    {
      pcr = (colorResource *) xalloc(sizeof(colorResource));
      if (!pcr)
          return (BadAlloc);
    }

    if (class == DirectColor)
    {
        ok = AllocDirect (client, pmap, colors, r, g, b, contig, pixels,
                    prmask, pgmask, pbmask);
    }
    else
    {
      /* Allocate the proper pixels */
      /* XXX This is sort of bad, because of contig is set, we force all
       * r + g + b bits to be contiguous.  Should only force contiguity
       * per mask 
       */
        ok = AllocPseudo (client, pmap, colors, r + g + b, contig, pixels,
                    &mask, &ppixFirst);

      if(ok == Success)
      {
          /* now split that mask into three */
          *prmask = *pgmask = *pbmask = 0;
          shift = 1;
          for (i = r; --i >= 0; shift += shift)
          {
            while (!(mask & shift))
                shift += shift;
            *prmask |= shift;
          }
          for (i = g; --i >= 0; shift += shift)
          {
            while (!(mask & shift))
                shift += shift;
            *pgmask |= shift;
          }
          for (i = b; --i >= 0; shift += shift)
          {
            while (!(mask & shift))
                shift += shift;
            *pbmask |= shift;
          }

          /* set up the shared color cells */
          if (!AllocShared(pmap, pixels, colors, r, g, b,
                       *prmask, *pgmask, *pbmask, ppixFirst))
          {
            (void)FreeColors(pmap, client, colors, pixels, mask);
            ok = BadAlloc;
          }
      }
    }

    /* if this is the client's first pixels in this colormap, tell the
     * resource manager that the client has pixels in this colormap which
     * should be freed when the client dies */
    if ((ok == Success) && pcr)
    {
      pcr->mid = pmap->mid;
      pcr->client = client;
      if (!AddResource(FakeClientID(client), RT_CMAPENTRY, (pointer)pcr))
          ok = BadAlloc;
    } else if (pcr)
      xfree(pcr);

    return (ok);
}

static int
AllocDirect (int client, ColormapPtr pmap, int c, int r, int g, int b, Bool contig, 
             Pixel *pixels, Pixel *prmask, Pixel *pgmask, Pixel *pbmask)
{
    Pixel   *ppixRed, *ppixGreen, *ppixBlue;
    Pixel   *ppix, *pDst, *p;
    int           npix, npixR, npixG, npixB;
    Bool    okR, okG, okB;
    Pixel   *rpix = 0, *gpix = 0, *bpix = 0;

    npixR = c << r;
    npixG = c << g;
    npixB = c << b;
    if ((r >= 32) || (g >= 32) || (b >= 32) ||
      (npixR > pmap->freeRed) || (npixR < c) ||
      (npixG > pmap->freeGreen) || (npixG < c) ||
      (npixB > pmap->freeBlue) || (npixB < c))
      return BadAlloc;

    /* start out with empty pixels */
    for(p = pixels; p < pixels + c; p++)
      *p = 0;

    ppixRed = (Pixel *)ALLOCATE_LOCAL(npixR * sizeof(Pixel));
    ppixGreen = (Pixel *)ALLOCATE_LOCAL(npixG * sizeof(Pixel));
    ppixBlue = (Pixel *)ALLOCATE_LOCAL(npixB * sizeof(Pixel));
    if (!ppixRed || !ppixGreen || !ppixBlue)
    {
      if (ppixBlue) DEALLOCATE_LOCAL(ppixBlue);
      if (ppixGreen) DEALLOCATE_LOCAL(ppixGreen);
      if (ppixRed) DEALLOCATE_LOCAL(ppixRed);
      return(BadAlloc);
    }

    okR = AllocCP(pmap, pmap->red, c, r, contig, ppixRed, prmask);
    okG = AllocCP(pmap, pmap->green, c, g, contig, ppixGreen, pgmask);
    okB = AllocCP(pmap, pmap->blue, c, b, contig, ppixBlue, pbmask);

    if (okR && okG && okB)
    {
      rpix = (Pixel *) xrealloc(pmap->clientPixelsRed[client],
                          (pmap->numPixelsRed[client] + (c << r)) *
                          sizeof(Pixel));
      if (rpix)
          pmap->clientPixelsRed[client] = rpix;
      gpix = (Pixel *) xrealloc(pmap->clientPixelsGreen[client],
                          (pmap->numPixelsGreen[client] + (c << g)) *
                          sizeof(Pixel));
      if (gpix)
          pmap->clientPixelsGreen[client] = gpix;
      bpix = (Pixel *) xrealloc(pmap->clientPixelsBlue[client],
                          (pmap->numPixelsBlue[client] + (c << b)) *
                          sizeof(Pixel));
      if (bpix)
          pmap->clientPixelsBlue[client] = bpix;
    }

    if (!okR || !okG || !okB || !rpix || !gpix || !bpix)
    {
      if (okR)
          for(ppix = ppixRed, npix = npixR; --npix >= 0; ppix++)
            pmap->red[*ppix].refcnt = 0;
      if (okG)
          for(ppix = ppixGreen, npix = npixG; --npix >= 0; ppix++)
            pmap->green[*ppix].refcnt = 0;
      if (okB)
          for(ppix = ppixBlue, npix = npixB; --npix >= 0; ppix++)
            pmap->blue[*ppix].refcnt = 0;
      DEALLOCATE_LOCAL(ppixBlue);
      DEALLOCATE_LOCAL(ppixGreen);
      DEALLOCATE_LOCAL(ppixRed);
      return(BadAlloc);
    }

    *prmask <<= pmap->pVisual->offsetRed;
    *pgmask <<= pmap->pVisual->offsetGreen;
    *pbmask <<= pmap->pVisual->offsetBlue;

    ppix = rpix + pmap->numPixelsRed[client];
    for (pDst = pixels, p = ppixRed; p < ppixRed + npixR; p++)
    {
      *ppix++ = *p;
      if(p < ppixRed + c)
          *pDst++ |= *p << pmap->pVisual->offsetRed;
    }
    pmap->numPixelsRed[client] += npixR;
    pmap->freeRed -= npixR;

    ppix = gpix + pmap->numPixelsGreen[client];
    for (pDst = pixels, p = ppixGreen; p < ppixGreen + npixG; p++)
    {
      *ppix++ = *p;
      if(p < ppixGreen + c)
          *pDst++ |= *p << pmap->pVisual->offsetGreen;
    }
    pmap->numPixelsGreen[client] += npixG;
    pmap->freeGreen -= npixG;

    ppix = bpix + pmap->numPixelsBlue[client];
    for (pDst = pixels, p = ppixBlue; p < ppixBlue + npixB; p++)
    {
      *ppix++ = *p;
      if(p < ppixBlue + c)
          *pDst++ |= *p << pmap->pVisual->offsetBlue;
    }
    pmap->numPixelsBlue[client] += npixB;
    pmap->freeBlue -= npixB;


    for (pDst = pixels; pDst < pixels + c; pDst++)
      *pDst |= ALPHAMASK(pmap->pVisual);

    DEALLOCATE_LOCAL(ppixBlue);
    DEALLOCATE_LOCAL(ppixGreen);
    DEALLOCATE_LOCAL(ppixRed);

    return (Success);
}

static int
AllocPseudo (int client, ColormapPtr pmap, int c, int r, Bool contig, 
             Pixel *pixels, Pixel *pmask, Pixel **pppixFirst)
{
    Pixel   *ppix, *p, *pDst, *ppixTemp;
    int           npix;
    Bool    ok;

    npix = c << r;
    if ((r >= 32) || (npix > pmap->freeRed) || (npix < c))
      return(BadAlloc);
    if(!(ppixTemp = (Pixel *)ALLOCATE_LOCAL(npix * sizeof(Pixel))))
      return(BadAlloc);
    ok = AllocCP(pmap, pmap->red, c, r, contig, ppixTemp, pmask);

    if (ok)
    {

      /* all the allocated pixels are added to the client pixel list,
       * but only the unique ones are returned to the client */
      ppix = (Pixel *)xrealloc(pmap->clientPixelsRed[client],
                   (pmap->numPixelsRed[client] + npix) * sizeof(Pixel));
      if (!ppix)
      {
          for (p = ppixTemp; p < ppixTemp + npix; p++)
            pmap->red[*p].refcnt = 0;
          return (BadAlloc);
      }
      pmap->clientPixelsRed[client] = ppix;
      ppix += pmap->numPixelsRed[client];
      *pppixFirst = ppix;
      pDst = pixels;
      for (p = ppixTemp; p < ppixTemp + npix; p++)
      {
          *ppix++ = *p;
          if(p < ppixTemp + c)
              *pDst++ = *p;
      }
      pmap->numPixelsRed[client] += npix;
      pmap->freeRed -= npix;
    }
    DEALLOCATE_LOCAL(ppixTemp);
    return (ok ? Success : BadAlloc);
}

/* Allocates count << planes pixels from colormap pmap for client. If
 * contig, then the plane mask is made of consecutive bits.  Returns
 * all count << pixels in the array pixels. The first count of those
 * pixels are the unique pixels.  *pMask has the mask to Or with the
 * unique pixels to get the rest of them.
 *
 * Returns True iff all pixels could be allocated 
 * All cells allocated will have refcnt set to AllocPrivate and shared to FALSE
 * (see AllocShared for why we care)
 */
static Bool
AllocCP (ColormapPtr pmap, EntryPtr pentFirst, int count, int planes, 
         Bool contig, Pixel *pixels, Pixel *pMask)
{
    EntryPtr      ent;
    Pixel   pixel, base, entries, maxp, save;
    int           dplanes, found;
    Pixel   *ppix;
    Pixel   mask;
    Pixel   finalmask;

    dplanes = pmap->pVisual->nplanes;

    /* Easy case.  Allocate pixels only */
    if (planes == 0)
    {
        /* allocate writable entries */
      ppix = pixels;
        ent = pentFirst;
        pixel = 0;
        while (--count >= 0)
      {
            /* Just find count unallocated cells */
          while (ent->refcnt)
          {
              ent++;
              pixel++;
          }
          ent->refcnt = AllocPrivate;
          *ppix++ = pixel;
          ent->fShared = FALSE;
        }
        *pMask = 0;
        return (TRUE);
    }
    else if (planes > dplanes)
    {
      return (FALSE);
    }

    /* General case count pixels * 2 ^ planes cells to be allocated */

    /* make room for new pixels */
    ent = pentFirst;

    /* first try for contiguous planes, since it's fastest */
    for (mask = (((Pixel)1) << planes) - 1, base = 1, dplanes -= (planes - 1);
         --dplanes >= 0;
         mask += mask, base += base)
    {
        ppix = pixels;
        found = 0;
        pixel = 0;
        entries = pmap->pVisual->ColormapEntries - mask;
        while (pixel < entries)
      {
          save = pixel;
          maxp = pixel + mask + base;
          /* check if all are free */
          while (pixel != maxp && ent[pixel].refcnt == 0)
              pixel += base;
          if (pixel == maxp)
            {
                /* this one works */
                *ppix++ = save;
                found++;
                if (found == count)
                {
                  /* found enough, allocate them all */
                  while (--count >= 0)
                  {
                      pixel = pixels[count];
                      maxp = pixel + mask;
                      while (1)
                      {
                        ent[pixel].refcnt = AllocPrivate;
                        ent[pixel].fShared = FALSE;
                        if (pixel == maxp)
                            break;
                        pixel += base;
                        *ppix++ = pixel;
                      }
                  }
                  *pMask = mask;
                  return (TRUE);
                }
            }
          pixel = save + 1;
          if (pixel & mask)
              pixel += mask;
        }
    }

    dplanes = pmap->pVisual->nplanes;
    if (contig || planes == 1 || dplanes < 3)
      return (FALSE);

    /* this will be very slow for large maps, need a better algorithm */

    /*
       we can generate the smallest and largest numbers that fits in dplanes
       bits and contain exactly planes bits set as follows. First, we need to
       check that it is possible to generate such a mask at all.
       (Non-contiguous masks need one more bit than contiguous masks). Then
       the smallest such mask consists of the rightmost planes-1 bits set, then
       a zero, then a one in position planes + 1. The formula is
         (3 << (planes-1)) -1
       The largest such masks consists of the leftmost planes-1 bits set, then
       a zero, then a one bit in position dplanes-planes-1. If dplanes is
       smaller than 32 (the number of bits in a word) then the formula is:
         (1<<dplanes) - (1<<(dplanes-planes+1) + (1<<dplanes-planes-1)
       If dplanes = 32, then we can't calculate (1<<dplanes) and we have
       to use:
         ( (1<<(planes-1)) - 1) << (dplanes-planes+1) + (1<<(dplanes-planes-1))
        
        << Thank you, Loretta>>>

    */

    finalmask =
        (((((Pixel)1)<<(planes-1)) - 1) << (dplanes-planes+1)) +
        (((Pixel)1)<<(dplanes-planes-1));
    for (mask = (((Pixel)3) << (planes -1)) - 1; mask <= finalmask; mask++)
    {
        /* next 3 magic statements count number of ones (HAKMEM #169) */
        pixel = (mask >> 1) & 033333333333;
        pixel = mask - pixel - ((pixel >> 1) & 033333333333);
        if ((((pixel + (pixel >> 3)) & 030707070707) % 077) != planes)
          continue;
        ppix = pixels;
        found = 0;
        entries = pmap->pVisual->ColormapEntries - mask;
        base = lowbit (mask);
        for (pixel = 0; pixel < entries; pixel++)
      {
          if (pixel & mask)
              continue;
          maxp = 0;
          /* check if all are free */
          while (ent[pixel + maxp].refcnt == 0)
          {
            GetNextBitsOrBreak(maxp, mask, base);
          }
          if ((maxp < mask) || (ent[pixel + mask].refcnt != 0))
            continue;
          /* this one works */
          *ppix++ = pixel;
          found++;
          if (found < count)
            continue;
          /* found enough, allocate them all */
          while (--count >= 0)
          {
            pixel = (pixels)[count];
            maxp = 0;
            while (1)
            {
                ent[pixel + maxp].refcnt = AllocPrivate;
                ent[pixel + maxp].fShared = FALSE;
                GetNextBitsOrBreak(maxp, mask, base);
                *ppix++ = pixel + maxp;
            }
          }

          *pMask = mask;
          return (TRUE);
      }
    }
    return (FALSE);
}

/**
 *
 *  \param ppixFirst  First of the client's new pixels
 */
static Bool
AllocShared (ColormapPtr pmap, Pixel *ppix, int c, int r, int g, int b, 
             Pixel rmask, Pixel gmask, Pixel bmask, Pixel *ppixFirst)
{
    Pixel   *pptr, *cptr;
    int           npix, z, npixClientNew, npixShared;
    Pixel   basemask, base, bits, common;
    SHAREDCOLOR *pshared, **ppshared, **psharedList;

    npixClientNew = c << (r + g + b);
    npixShared = (c << r) + (c << g) + (c << b);
    psharedList = (SHAREDCOLOR **)ALLOCATE_LOCAL(npixShared *
                                     sizeof(SHAREDCOLOR *));
    if (!psharedList)
      return FALSE;
    ppshared = psharedList;
    for (z = npixShared; --z >= 0; )
    {
      if (!(ppshared[z] = (SHAREDCOLOR *)xalloc(sizeof(SHAREDCOLOR))))
      {
          for (z++ ; z < npixShared; z++)
            xfree(ppshared[z]);
          return FALSE;
      }
    }
    for(pptr = ppix, npix = c; --npix >= 0; pptr++)
    {
      basemask = ~(gmask | bmask);
      common = *pptr & basemask;
      if (rmask)
      {
          bits = 0;
          base = lowbit (rmask);
          while(1)
          {
            pshared = *ppshared++;
            pshared->refcnt = 1 << (g + b);
            for (cptr = ppixFirst, z = npixClientNew; --z >= 0; cptr++)
            {
                if ((*cptr & basemask) == (common | bits))
                {
                  pmap->red[*cptr].fShared = TRUE;
                  pmap->red[*cptr].co.shco.red = pshared;
                }
            }
            GetNextBitsOrBreak(bits, rmask, base);
          }
      }
      else
      {
          pshared = *ppshared++;
          pshared->refcnt = 1 << (g + b);
          for (cptr = ppixFirst, z = npixClientNew; --z >= 0; cptr++)
          {
            if ((*cptr & basemask) == common)
            {
                pmap->red[*cptr].fShared = TRUE;
                pmap->red[*cptr].co.shco.red = pshared;
            }
          }
      }
      basemask = ~(rmask | bmask);
      common = *pptr & basemask;
      if (gmask)
      {
          bits = 0;
          base = lowbit (gmask);
          while(1)
          {
            pshared = *ppshared++;
            pshared->refcnt = 1 << (r + b);
            for (cptr = ppixFirst, z = npixClientNew; --z >= 0; cptr++)
            {
                if ((*cptr & basemask) == (common | bits))
                {
                  pmap->red[*cptr].co.shco.green = pshared;
                }
            }
            GetNextBitsOrBreak(bits, gmask, base);
          }
      }
      else
      {
          pshared = *ppshared++;
          pshared->refcnt = 1 << (g + b);
          for (cptr = ppixFirst, z = npixClientNew; --z >= 0; cptr++)
          {
            if ((*cptr & basemask) == common)
            {
                pmap->red[*cptr].co.shco.green = pshared;
            }
          }
      }
      basemask = ~(rmask | gmask);
      common = *pptr & basemask;
      if (bmask)
      {
          bits = 0;
          base = lowbit (bmask);
          while(1)
          {
            pshared = *ppshared++;
            pshared->refcnt = 1 << (r + g);
            for (cptr = ppixFirst, z = npixClientNew; --z >= 0; cptr++)
            {
                if ((*cptr & basemask) == (common | bits))
                {
                  pmap->red[*cptr].co.shco.blue = pshared;
                }
            }
            GetNextBitsOrBreak(bits, bmask, base);
          }
      }
      else
      {
          pshared = *ppshared++;
          pshared->refcnt = 1 << (g + b);
          for (cptr = ppixFirst, z = npixClientNew; --z >= 0; cptr++)
          {
            if ((*cptr & basemask) == common)
            {
                pmap->red[*cptr].co.shco.blue = pshared;
            }
          }
      }
    }
    DEALLOCATE_LOCAL(psharedList);
    return TRUE;
}


/** FreeColors
 * Free colors and/or cells (probably slow for large numbers) 
 */
int
FreeColors (ColormapPtr pmap, int client, int count, Pixel *pixels, Pixel mask)
{
    int           rval, result, class;
    Pixel   rmask;

    class = pmap->class;
    if (pmap->flags & AllAllocated)
      return(BadAccess);
    if ((class | DynamicClass) == DirectColor)
    {
      rmask = mask & RGBMASK(pmap->pVisual);
        result = FreeCo(pmap, client, REDMAP, count, pixels,
                  mask & pmap->pVisual->redMask);
      /* If any of the three calls fails, we must report that, if more
       * than one fails, it's ok that we report the last one */
        rval = FreeCo(pmap, client, GREENMAP, count, pixels,
                  mask & pmap->pVisual->greenMask);
      if(rval != Success)
          result = rval;
      rval = FreeCo(pmap, client, BLUEMAP, count, pixels,
                  mask & pmap->pVisual->blueMask);
      if(rval != Success)
          result = rval;
    }
    else
    {
      rmask = mask & ((((Pixel)1) << pmap->pVisual->nplanes) - 1);
        result = FreeCo(pmap, client, PSEUDOMAP, count, pixels, rmask);
    }
    if ((mask != rmask) && count)
    {
      clientErrorValue = *pixels | mask;
      result = BadValue;
    }
    /* XXX should worry about removing any RT_CMAPENTRY resource */
    return (result);
}

/**
 * Helper for FreeColors -- frees all combinations of *newpixels and mask bits
 * which the client has allocated in channel colormap cells of pmap.
 * doesn't change newpixels if it doesn't need to 
 *
 *  \param pmap   which colormap head
 *  \param color  which sub-map, eg, RED, BLUE, PSEUDO
 *  \param npixIn number of pixels passed in
 *  \param ppixIn number of base pixels
 *  \param mask   mask client gave us
 */
static int
FreeCo (ColormapPtr pmap, int client, int color, int npixIn, Pixel *ppixIn, Pixel mask)
{
    Pixel   *ppixClient, pixTest;
    int           npixClient, npixNew, npix;
    Pixel   bits, base, cmask, rgbbad;
    Pixel   *pptr, *cptr;
    int     n, zapped;
    int           errVal = Success;
    int           offset, numents;
#ifdef LBX
    Bool    grabbed;
    Bool    zeroRefCount;
    Bool    anyRefCountReachedZero = 0;
#endif

    if (npixIn == 0)
        return (errVal);
    bits = 0;
    zapped = 0;
    base = lowbit (mask);

    switch(color)
    {
      case REDMAP:
      cmask = pmap->pVisual->redMask;
      rgbbad = ~RGBMASK(pmap->pVisual);
      offset = pmap->pVisual->offsetRed;
      numents = (cmask >> offset) + 1;
      ppixClient = pmap->clientPixelsRed[client];
      npixClient = pmap->numPixelsRed[client];
      break;
      case GREENMAP:
      cmask = pmap->pVisual->greenMask;
      rgbbad = ~RGBMASK(pmap->pVisual);
      offset = pmap->pVisual->offsetGreen;
      numents = (cmask >> offset) + 1;
      ppixClient = pmap->clientPixelsGreen[client];
      npixClient = pmap->numPixelsGreen[client];
      break;
      case BLUEMAP:
      cmask = pmap->pVisual->blueMask;
      rgbbad = ~RGBMASK(pmap->pVisual);
      offset = pmap->pVisual->offsetBlue;
      numents = (cmask >> offset) + 1;
      ppixClient = pmap->clientPixelsBlue[client];
      npixClient = pmap->numPixelsBlue[client];
      break;
      default:    /* so compiler can see that everything gets initialized */
      case PSEUDOMAP:
      cmask = ~((Pixel)0);
      rgbbad = 0;
      offset = 0;
      numents = pmap->pVisual->ColormapEntries;
      ppixClient = pmap->clientPixelsRed[client];
      npixClient = pmap->numPixelsRed[client];
      break;
    }

#ifdef LBX
    grabbed = LbxCheckCmapGrabbed (pmap);

    if (grabbed)
    {
      /*
       * If the colormap is grabbed by a proxy, the server must
       * notify the proxy of all cells that are freed (the refcount
       * has reached zero on these cells).
       */

      LbxBeginFreeCellsEvent (pmap);
      LbxSortPixelList (ppixIn, npixIn);
    }
#endif

    /* zap all pixels which match */
    while (1)
    {
        /* go through pixel list */
        for (pptr = ppixIn, n = npixIn; --n >= 0; pptr++)
      {
          pixTest = ((*pptr | bits) & cmask) >> offset;
          if ((pixTest >= numents) || (*pptr & rgbbad))
          {
            clientErrorValue = *pptr | bits;
            errVal = BadValue;
            continue;
          }

          /* find match in client list */
          for (cptr = ppixClient, npix = npixClient;
               --npix >= 0 && *cptr != pixTest;
             cptr++) ;

          if (npix >= 0)
          {
            if (pmap->class & DynamicClass)
            {
                FreeCell(pmap, pixTest, color);
#ifdef LBX
                /*
                 * Only PSEUDO colormaps are grabbed by LBX proxies.
                 * Check if the ref count reached zero on this pixel.
                 */

                zeroRefCount = pmap->red[pixTest].refcnt == 0;
                if (zeroRefCount)
                  anyRefCountReachedZero = 1;

                if (grabbed && zeroRefCount)
                  LbxAddFreeCellToEvent (pmap, pixTest);
#endif
            }
            *cptr = ~((Pixel)0);
            zapped++;
          }
          else
            errVal = BadAccess;
      }
        /* generate next bits value */
      GetNextBitsOrBreak(bits, mask, base);
    }

#ifdef LBX
    if (grabbed)
      LbxEndFreeCellsEvent (pmap);
    else if (anyRefCountReachedZero)
    {
      /*
       * We only send LbxFreeCell events to a proxy that has the colormap
       * grabbed.  If the colormap is not grabbed, the proxy that last
       * had the colormap grabbed will not be able to do a smart grab
       * in the future.  A smart grab can only occur if the proxy is kept
       * up to date on every alloc/free change in the colormap.
       */
      
      LbxDisableSmartGrab (pmap);
    }
#endif

    /* delete freed pixels from client pixel list */
    if (zapped)
    {
        npixNew = npixClient - zapped;
        if (npixNew)
      {
          /* Since the list can only get smaller, we can do a copy in
           * place and then realloc to a smaller size */
          pptr = cptr = ppixClient;

          /* If we have all the new pixels, we don't have to examine the
           * rest of the old ones */
          for(npix = 0; npix < npixNew; cptr++)
          {
              if (*cptr != ~((Pixel)0))
            {
                *pptr++ = *cptr;
                npix++;
              }
          }
          pptr = (Pixel *)xrealloc(ppixClient, npixNew * sizeof(Pixel));
          if (pptr)
            ppixClient = pptr;
          npixClient = npixNew;
        }
      else
      {
          npixClient = 0;
          xfree(ppixClient);
          ppixClient = (Pixel *)NULL;
      }
      switch(color)
      {
        case PSEUDOMAP:
        case REDMAP:
          pmap->clientPixelsRed[client] = ppixClient;
          pmap->numPixelsRed[client] = npixClient;
          break;
        case GREENMAP:
          pmap->clientPixelsGreen[client] = ppixClient;
          pmap->numPixelsGreen[client] = npixClient;
          break;
        case BLUEMAP:
          pmap->clientPixelsBlue[client] = ppixClient;
          pmap->numPixelsBlue[client] = npixClient;
          break;
      }
    }
    return (errVal);
}



/* Redefine color values */
int
StoreColors (ColormapPtr pmap, int count, xColorItem *defs)
{
    register Pixel      pix;
    register xColorItem *pdef;
    register EntryPtr   pent, pentT, pentLast;
    register VisualPtr  pVisual;
    SHAREDCOLOR         *pred, *pgreen, *pblue;
    int                 n, ChgRed, ChgGreen, ChgBlue, idef;
    int                 class, errVal = Success;
    int                 ok;


    class = pmap->class;
    if(!(class & DynamicClass) && !(pmap->flags & BeingCreated))
    {
      return(BadAccess);
    }
    pVisual = pmap->pVisual;

    idef = 0;
    if((class | DynamicClass) == DirectColor)
    {
      int numred, numgreen, numblue;
      Pixel rgbbad;

      numred = NUMRED(pVisual);
      numgreen = NUMGREEN(pVisual);
      numblue = NUMBLUE(pVisual);
      rgbbad = ~RGBMASK(pVisual);
        for (pdef = defs, n = 0; n < count; pdef++, n++)
      {
          ok = TRUE;
            (*pmap->pScreen->ResolveColor)
              (&pdef->red, &pdef->green, &pdef->blue, pmap->pVisual);

          if (pdef->pixel & rgbbad)
          {
            errVal = BadValue;
            clientErrorValue = pdef->pixel;
            continue;
          }
          pix = (pdef->pixel & pVisual->redMask) >> pVisual->offsetRed;
          if (pix >= numred)
          {
            errVal = BadValue;
            ok = FALSE;
          }
          else if (pmap->red[pix].refcnt != AllocPrivate)
          {
            errVal = BadAccess;
            ok = FALSE;
          }
          else if (pdef->flags & DoRed)
          {
            pmap->red[pix].co.local.red = pdef->red;
          }
          else
          {
            pdef->red = pmap->red[pix].co.local.red;
          }

          pix = (pdef->pixel & pVisual->greenMask) >> pVisual->offsetGreen;
          if (pix >= numgreen)
          {
            errVal = BadValue;
            ok = FALSE;
          }
          else if (pmap->green[pix].refcnt != AllocPrivate)
          {
            errVal = BadAccess;
            ok = FALSE;
          }
          else if (pdef->flags & DoGreen)
          {
            pmap->green[pix].co.local.green = pdef->green;
          }
          else
          {
            pdef->green = pmap->green[pix].co.local.green;
          }

          pix = (pdef->pixel & pVisual->blueMask) >> pVisual->offsetBlue;
          if (pix >= numblue)
          {
            errVal = BadValue;
            ok = FALSE;
          }
          else if (pmap->blue[pix].refcnt != AllocPrivate)
          {
            errVal = BadAccess;
            ok = FALSE;
          }
          else if (pdef->flags & DoBlue)
          {
            pmap->blue[pix].co.local.blue = pdef->blue;
          }
          else
          {
            pdef->blue = pmap->blue[pix].co.local.blue;
          }
          /* If this is an o.k. entry, then it gets added to the list
           * to be sent to the hardware.  If not, skip it.  Once we've
           * skipped one, we have to copy all the others.
           */
          if(ok)
          {
            if(idef != n)
                defs[idef] = defs[n];
            idef++;
          } else
            clientErrorValue = pdef->pixel;
      }
    }
    else
    {
        for (pdef = defs, n = 0; n < count; pdef++, n++)
      {

          ok = TRUE;
          if (pdef->pixel >= pVisual->ColormapEntries)
          {
            clientErrorValue = pdef->pixel;
              errVal = BadValue;
            ok = FALSE;
          }
          else if (pmap->red[pdef->pixel].refcnt != AllocPrivate)
          {
            errVal = BadAccess;
            ok = FALSE;
          }

          /* If this is an o.k. entry, then it gets added to the list
           * to be sent to the hardware.  If not, skip it.  Once we've
           * skipped one, we have to copy all the others.
           */
          if(ok)
          {
            if(idef != n)
                defs[idef] = defs[n];
            idef++;
          }
          else
            continue;

            (*pmap->pScreen->ResolveColor)
              (&pdef->red, &pdef->green, &pdef->blue, pmap->pVisual);

          pent = &pmap->red[pdef->pixel];

          if(pdef->flags & DoRed)
          {
            if(pent->fShared)
            {
                pent->co.shco.red->color = pdef->red;
                if (pent->co.shco.red->refcnt > 1)
                  ok = FALSE;
            }
            else
                pent->co.local.red = pdef->red;
          }
          else
          {
            if(pent->fShared)
                pdef->red = pent->co.shco.red->color;
            else
                pdef->red = pent->co.local.red;
          }
          if(pdef->flags & DoGreen)
          {
            if(pent->fShared)
            {
                pent->co.shco.green->color = pdef->green;
                if (pent->co.shco.green->refcnt > 1)
                  ok = FALSE;
            }
            else
                pent->co.local.green = pdef->green;
          }
          else
          {
            if(pent->fShared)
                pdef->green = pent->co.shco.green->color;
            else
                pdef->green = pent->co.local.green;
          }
          if(pdef->flags & DoBlue)
          {
            if(pent->fShared)
            {
                pent->co.shco.blue->color = pdef->blue;
                if (pent->co.shco.blue->refcnt > 1)
                  ok = FALSE;
            }
            else
                pent->co.local.blue = pdef->blue;
          }
          else
          {
            if(pent->fShared)
                pdef->blue = pent->co.shco.blue->color;
            else
                pdef->blue = pent->co.local.blue;
          }

          if(!ok)
          {
                /* have to run through the colormap and change anybody who
             * shares this value */
              pred = pent->co.shco.red;
              pgreen = pent->co.shco.green;
              pblue = pent->co.shco.blue;
              ChgRed = pdef->flags & DoRed;
              ChgGreen = pdef->flags & DoGreen;
              ChgBlue = pdef->flags & DoBlue;
              pentLast = pmap->red + pVisual->ColormapEntries;

              for(pentT = pmap->red; pentT < pentLast; pentT++)
            {
                if(pentT->fShared && (pentT != pent))
                {
                  xColorItem  defChg;

                  /* There are, alas, devices in this world too dumb
                   * to read their own hardware colormaps.  Sick, but
                   * true.  So we're going to be really nice and load
                   * the xColorItem with the proper value for all the
                   * fields.  We will only set the flags for those
                   * fields that actually change.  Smart devices can
                   * arrange to change only those fields.  Dumb devices
                   * can rest assured that we have provided for them,
                   * and can change all three fields */

                  defChg.flags = 0;
                  if(ChgRed && pentT->co.shco.red == pred)
                  {
                      defChg.flags |= DoRed;
                  }
                  if(ChgGreen && pentT->co.shco.green == pgreen)
                  {
                      defChg.flags |= DoGreen;
                  }
                  if(ChgBlue && pentT->co.shco.blue == pblue)
                  {
                      defChg.flags |= DoBlue;
                  }
                  if(defChg.flags != 0)
                  {
                      defChg.pixel = pentT - pmap->red;
                      defChg.red = pentT->co.shco.red->color;
                      defChg.green = pentT->co.shco.green->color;
                      defChg.blue = pentT->co.shco.blue->color;
                      (*pmap->pScreen->StoreColors) (pmap, 1, &defChg);
                  }
                }
            }

          }
      }
    }
    /* Note that we use idef, the count of acceptable entries, and not
     * count, the count of proposed entries */
    if (idef != 0)
      ( *pmap->pScreen->StoreColors) (pmap, idef, defs);
    return (errVal);
}

int
IsMapInstalled(Colormap map, WindowPtr pWin)
{
    Colormap      *pmaps;
    int           imap, nummaps, found;

    pmaps = (Colormap *) ALLOCATE_LOCAL( 
             pWin->drawable.pScreen->maxInstalledCmaps * sizeof(Colormap));
    if(!pmaps)
      return(FALSE);
    nummaps = (*pWin->drawable.pScreen->ListInstalledColormaps)
        (pWin->drawable.pScreen, pmaps);
    found = FALSE;
    for(imap = 0; imap < nummaps; imap++)
    {
      if(pmaps[imap] == map)
      {
          found = TRUE;
          break;
      }
    }
    DEALLOCATE_LOCAL(pmaps);
    return (found);
}

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